The abuser refuses to engage in conversation, pretends they don't understand you, refuses to listen, and declines to share their emotions.
The manipulator questions the victim's memory of events, in spite of the fact that the victim remembers things correctly.
Blocking & Diverting
The abuser changes the focus of a conversation and questions the victim's credibility instead.
The gaslighter belittles or disregards the other person's feelings, making the victim believe their thoughts, concerns, and needs aren't important.
Forgetting & Denial
The abuser pretends to forget things or how they happened; they may deny having said something or accuse the victim of making things up.
What is Gaslighting?
Gaslighting is a form of manipulation that often occurs in abusive relationships. It is a covert type of emotional abuse where the bully or abuser misleads the target, creating a false narrative and making them question their judgments.